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The individual volcanoes are all considered extinct, although the volcanic field itself is merely dormant. The State Highway network connects the different parts of Auckland, with State Highway 1 being the major north–south thoroughfare through the city (including both the Northern and Southern Motorways) and the main connection to the adjoining regions of Northland and Waikato. Customized Auckland Region maps. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, religion, country of birth, ethnic group). [8] After a British colony was established in 1840, William Hobson, then Lieutenant-Governor of New Zealand, chose the area as his new capital. Auckland also has a total length of approximately 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) of rivers and streams, about 8 percent of these in urban areas. [85] In December 2019, Quotable Value reported the average house price for Auckland metro was $1,047,000. [67] Nonetheless, Auckland ranked third in a survey of the quality of life of 215 major cities of the world (2015 data).[68]. Vector acquired United Networks' Waitemata distribution business in 2002. [129] The five-week-long 1998 Auckland power crisis blacked out much of the CBD after a cascade failure occurred on four underground cables in Mercury Energy's sub-transmission network. #31 of 386 Outdoor Activities in Auckland. [8][13] The introduction of firearms at the end of the eighteenth century, which began in Northland, upset the balance of power and led to devastating intertribal warfare beginning in 1807, causing iwi who lacked the new weapons to seek refuge in areas less exposed to coastal raids. [75] Auckland hosted the America's Cup and Louis Vuitton Cup in 2000 and 2003, and is scheduled to host the 2021 America's Cup. Additionally, Auckland regularly hosts the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra and Royal New Zealand Ballet. From Local Areas to the Auckland Airport. Interactive Map of Auckland area. Because of its rich acidic soil and the type of flora growing out of the rocky soil, only a few birds and insects inhabit the island. In 2009 the Gallery was promised a gift[72] of fifteen works of art by New York art collectors and philanthropists Julian and Josie Robertson – including well-known paintings by Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Paul Gauguin and Piet Mondrian. The Auckland Botanic Gardens are further south, in Manurewa. ", https://maoridictionary.co.nz/search?idiom=&phrase=&proverb=&loan=&histLoanWords=&keywords=T%C4%81maki, http://www.TeAra.govt.nz/en/auckland-region, "Auckland among world's most expensive cities", "Best UK cities revealed in Mercer's quality of life rankings for 2019", "Cultural Values Assessment in Support of the Notices of Requirement for the Proposed City Rail Link Project", "The long lost diorama of Auckland which reveals the city of 1939", "Slide to war - The Treaty in practice | NZHistory, New Zealand history online", "The transport plan that changed Auckland - Greater Auckland", "Auckland Region – Driving the Economy: 1980s Onwards", "Auckland places - Auckland central business district", "Updated world map of the Köppen–Geiger climate classification", "Overview of New Zealand Climate—Northern New Zealand", "Snow falls in Auckland for first time in decades", "Air pollutants – Carbon monoxide (CO)", "MetService Auckland historical averages", "Seven eruptions have covered Auckland in ash", "Age and sex by ethnic group (grouped total response), for census usually resident population counts, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (urban rural areas)", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2006, 2013, and 2018 Censuses (RC, TA, SA2, DHB)", "New Zealand – A Regional Profile – Auckland", "New Zealand's population is drifting north – Population mythbusters", "2013 Census QuickStats about culture and identity – data tables", "Birthplace (detailed), for the census usually resident population count, 2001, 2006, and 2013 (RC, TA) – NZ.Stat", "Auckland Hebrew Community ~ Introduction page", Quality of Living global city rankings 2009, "Passion for boating runs deep in Auckland", "Auckland joins UNESCO Creative Cities network", "Ports of Auckland Round the Bays (Official)", "Eden Park to host Final and semi-finals", "ITU World Championship Series Grand Final", "2013 Census QuickStats about work and unpaid activities", "Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey", "NZ house prices are among the most unaffordable in the world: survey", "Auckland's New York House Prices Prompt Lending Curbs: Mortgages", "Unitary Plan Key Topics: Historic Heritage and Special Character", Royal Commission of inquiry for Auckland welcomed, Minister Releases Report Of Royal Commission, "Directory of Schools – as at 1 February 2012", "Ministry of Education - Education Counts", Survey of English Language Providers – Year ended March 2006, English Language Schools in New Zealand – Auckland, "Map List | Waka Kotahi NZ Transport Agency", "The history of the Auckland Harbour Bridge", "Spaghetti junction stadium: Is motorway jungle best fit for Auckland? The Central Motorway Junction, also called 'Spaghetti Junction' for its complexity, is the intersection between the two major motorways of Auckland (State Highway 1 and State Highway 16).[110]. Brown did not stand for re-election in the 2016 mayoral election, and was succeeded by successful candidate Phil Goff in October 2016. Some are several kilometres long. Auckland is classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a Beta + world city[80] because of its importance in commerce, the arts, and education. High-precision 40Ar/39Ar dating of Quaternary basalts from Auckland Volcanic Field, New Zealand, with implications for eruption rates and paleomagnetic correlations. This is the largest gift ever made to an art museum in Australasia. The Māori population in the area is estimated to have been about 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. He was re-elected for a second term in October 2013. There have been several notable power outages in Auckland. It has an advanced market economy with strengths in finance, commerce, and tourism. Auckland was connected to the Maui gas field in 1982 following the completion of a high pressure pipeline from the Maui gas pipeline near Huntly, via the city, to Whangarei in Northland.[132]. The region was now the nerve centre of the national economy. For wider and more generalised geological context of the Auckland area, a 1:250 000 geological map was printed with accompanying explanatory text. The journey to/from the central business district takes around 45 minutes. An electric train of Auckland's metro rail system. Greyhound racing is held at Manukau Stadium. Auckland's population of ex-soldiers was far greater than that of other settlements: about 50 percent of the population was Irish, which contrasted heavily with the majority English settlers in Wellington, Christchurch or New Plymouth. The University of Auckland, founded in 1883, is the largest university in New Zealand. The total coastline of Auckland is 3,702 kilometres (2,300 mi) long.[34]. Auckland also benefited from a surge in tourism, which brought 75 percent of New Zealand's international visitors through its airport. [96] The government subsequently announced that a "super city" would be set up with a single mayor by the time of New Zealand's local body elections in 2010.[97][98]. Find local businesses, view maps and get driving directions in Google Maps. [85] Nevertheless, the majority of Aucklanders live in single dwelling housing and are expected to continue to do so – even with most of future urban growth being through intensification.[61]. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. In 2009, much of the northern and western suburbs, as well as all of Northland, experienced a blackout when a forklift accidentally came into contact with the Ōtāhuhu to Henderson 220 kV line, the only major line supplying the region. [125] Auckland has also been called a very pedestrian- and cyclist-unfriendly city, though some efforts are being made to change this,[126] with Auckland being a major participant in the government's "Urban Cycleways" initiative, and with the "SkyPath" project for a walk and cycleway on the Auckland Harbour Bridge having received Council support, and planning consent.[127][128]. The Auckland Art Gallery is the largest stand-alone gallery in New Zealand with a collection of over 15,000 artworks, including prominent New Zealand and Pacific Island artists, as well as international painting, sculpture and print collections ranging in date from 1376 to the present day. The Auckland Philharmonia Orchestra is the city and region's resident full-time symphony orchestra, performing its own series of concerts and accompanying opera and ballet. With a total area of 93.6 square kilometers, public green spaces and parks make up 0.6% of Auckland’s total area, 16,157 square kilometers. [76] The NRL Auckland Nines was a rugby league nines preseason competition played at Eden Park from 2014 to 2017. There are also three racecourses within the city - (Ellerslie and Avondale for thoroughbred racing, and Alexandra Park for harness racing). The Northern Busway runs alongside part of the Northern Motorway on the North Shore. Ferries provide transport to parks and nature reserves at Devonport, Waiheke Island, Rangitoto Island and Tiritiri Matangi. The absolute maximum recorded temperature is 34.4 Â°C (93.9 Â°F) on 12 February 2009,[37] while the absolute minimum is −3.9 Â°C (25.0 Â°F), although there is also an unofficial low of −5.7 Â°C (21.7 Â°F) recorded at Riverhead Forest in June 1936. Could not find what you're looking for? [citation needed] Tourist attractions and landmarks in Auckland include: Auckland Council maintains relationships with the following cities[134], This article is about the urban area. [101], The Auckland urban area has 340 primary schools, 80 secondary schools, and 29 composite (primary/secondary combined) schools as of February 2012, catering for nearly quarter of a million students. Surface features include cones, lakes, lagoons, islands and depressions, and several have produced extensive lava flows. [55], At the 2013 Census, 39.1 percent of Auckland's population were born overseas; in the local board areas of Puketapapa and Howick, overseas-born residents outnumbered those born in New Zealand. It … Auckland Airport, New Zealand's largest, is in the southern suburb of Māngere on the shores of the Manukau Harbour. Auckland lies between the Hauraki Gulf to the east, then extending in Hunua Ranges to the south-east, the Manukau Harbour to the south-west, and the Waitākere Ranges and smaller ranges to the west and north-west. Parnell is Auckland’s oldest neighbourhood, and looks very much like an old-time village. [51], Auckland's population is predominantly of European origin, though the proportion of those of Asian or other non-European origins has increased in recent decades due to immigration[53] and the removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race. The greater Auckland urban area—as it is defined by Statistics New Zealand—spans 1,102.9 square kilometres (425.8 sq mi)[3] and extends to Waiwera in the north, KumeÅ« in the north-west, and Runciman in the south. Auckland (/ˈɔːklənd/ AWK-lənd; Māori: Tāmaki Makaurau) is a large metropolitan city in the North Island of New Zealand. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea. One of Auckland's nicknames, the "City of Sails", is derived from the popularity of sailing in the region. The governing Labour Party holds eight general electorates and all three Māori electorates; the opposing National Party holds thirteen general electorates; and ACT holds the remaining electorate (Epsom). Pickup in Auckland … [70] The Viaduct Basin, on the western edge of the CBD, hosted two America's Cup challenges (2000 Cup and 2003 Cup). The west coast has popular surf beaches such as Piha, Muriwai and Te Henga (Bethells Beach). past midnight) are limited, even on weekends. The Mangere Bridge and the Upper Harbour Bridge span the upper reaches of the Manukau and Waitematā Harbours, respectively. Auckland comprises a diversity of architectural styles owing to its early beginnings as a settlement, to the Victorian era right through to the contemporary era of the late 20th century. Auckland has four railway lines (Western, Onehunga, Eastern and Southern). The first area is South Auckland. One Tree Hill is a … We are in no way associated with or authorized by the Auckland Airport authority and neither that entity nor any of its affiliates have licensed or endorsed us. The trend is for the latest eruptions to occur in the northwest of the field. Parnell. Important institutions include the Auckland Art Gallery, Auckland War Memorial Museum, New Zealand Maritime Museum, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, and the Museum of Transport and Technology. [131] Transpower spent $1.25 billion in the early 2010s reinforcing the supply into and across Auckland, including a 400 kV-capable transmission line from the Waikato River to Brownhill substation (operating initially at 220 kV), and 220 kV underground cables between Brownhill and Pakuranga, and between Pakuranga and Albany via the CBD. The majority are state schools, but 63 schools are state-integrated and 39 are private. Within that area you'll find most of the city's shops, restaurants, nightspots, major hotels, and bus, rail, and air terminals.

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