This information does not endorse this product as safe, effective, or approved for treating any patient or health condition. Safety and efficacy for dosages above those in foods are unproven and should be avoided. vulgare (Nois.) Parsley produces an umbel of tiny flowers and characteristic ribbed fruit ("seeds"). parsley; Other Scientific Names. Myristicin is chemically related to apiol and has also been identified in nutmeg. Petroselinum crispum Taxonomy ID: 4043 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid4043) current name. We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information -. The National Vegetation Survey (NVS) Databank is a physical archive and electronic databank containing records of over 94,000 vegetation survey plots - including data from over 19,000 permanent plots. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. The essential oil should not be used because of toxicity.30, GRAS when used as food. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Parsley (Petroselinum crispum) is a bright green, biennial, herbaceous plant. Parsley is an annual herb indigenous to the Mediterranean region, but now cultivated worldwide with numerous varieties available. This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Porcher Michel H. et al. The root was used as a diuretic and the juice to treat kidney ailments. Native to the mediterranean, it’s a rich source of vitamin C and iron, and is said to cure bad breath and cleanse the skin. School of Agriculture and Food Systems. It is in flower from June to August, and the seeds ripen from July to September. Fuss. Missouri Botanical Garden, 2008 - 4344 Shaw Boulevard, Saint Louis, Missouri 63110, U.S.A. on line at: http://www.tropicos.org/. It does NOT include all information about the possible uses, directions, warnings, precautions, interactions, adverse effects, or risks that may apply to this product. Nyman ex A. W. Hill, Petroselinum crispum (P. Its origin is uncertain, though possibly in the Central Mediterranean region. Mill.) Individuals allergic to other members of the Apiaceae family (ie, carrot, fennel, celery) may be especially sensitive to the constituents in the flowers of parsley.30, 33, Because of the potential uterotonic effects, parsley oil, juice, and seed should not be taken by pregnant women. Petroselinum vulgare Gray, 1821 Petroselinum vulgare Lag. Botanical Name: Petroselinum crispum. Where it develops as a biennial, in the first year, it frames a rosette of tripinnate leaves 10–25 cm long with numerous 1–3 cm leaflets, and a taproot utilized as a food store over the winter. Clinical trials are, however, lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. Parsley seed oil and herb oil are obtained from the above-ground plant parts by steam distillation, while the dried leaf flakes are sold commercially as a culinary herb.1, 2, 3. The Plants Database includes the following 1 species of Petroselinum . This information should not be used to decide whether or not to take this product. An older clinical study evaluated the antioxidant effect of dietary parsley finding a pro-oxidant effect.17, Apiol and myristicin may be responsible for the mild diuretic effect of the seed and oil.23 Rats given an aqueous parsley seed extract in place of drinking water eliminated a higher volume of urine compared with controls.24 An in situ kidney perfusion technique also supports this finding.24 Research suggests that the diuretic effect of parsley is mediated through an inhibition of the Na+-K+ pump.24 The laxative effect of parsley seed extract is also attributed to the inhibition of sodium and of the Na+-K+ pump.25, A small (n=20) clinical study on the effect of parsley tea found no effect on urinary indices measured including urine volume, pH, sodium, potassium, chloride, urea, creatinine, phosphorus, magnesium, uric acid, cystine, or citric acid content.26. & Hook. Petroselinum crispum parsley Legal Status. Genbank common name: parsley NCBI BLAST name: eudicots Rank: species Genetic code ... Porcher Michel H. et al. Parsley, in addition to being a source of certain vitamins and minerals, has been used traditionally for widespread uses. This product may be unsafe when used before surgery or other medical procedures. (family Apiaceae) is a vegetable, a medicinal herb, and a spice, widely cultivated for more than 2000 years in the southeastern Europe and western Asia. In Lebanon, parsley is a major ingredient in the national dish called tabbouleh. 1995 - 2020, Sorting Petroselinum Names. Nym. … Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Nyman ex A.W.Hill synonym: UKSI Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. Generally recognized as safe when used as food (GRAS). Danert ›Petroselinum sativum: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i Its name Petroselinum derives from the Greek term referring to … Available for Android and iOS devices. NCBI Taxonomy: a comprehensive update on curation, resources and tools. The University of Melbourne. 322. It has erect stems and non-hairy bright green leaves. Parsley (Engl.) Fuss 1866. pronounced: pet-roh-sell-EE-num KRISS-pum (Apiaceae — the celery family)common names: parsley, curly parsley. Fuss : Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: not accepted - other, see comments : Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: verified - standards met Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth & Hook.f. Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org, Translation table 11 (Bacterial, Archaeal and Plant Plastid), Go to NCBI genomic BLAST page for Petroselinum crispum, Petroselinum crispum (P. Data sources include IBM Watson Micromedex (updated 2 Nov 2020), Cerner Multum™ (updated 2 Nov 2020), ASHP (updated 23 Oct 2020) and others. Parsley is the common name for a bright green, biennial herb of European origin, Petroselinum crispum, which is extensively cultivated for its leaves, which are used as a garnish or for flavoring food. While no major toxicities have been reported with the use of parsley, pregnant women should not take parsley because of possible uterotonic effects. Clinical trials are, however, lacking to support any therapeutic recommendations. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. Hill, diArk - a resource for eukaryotic genome research. It is not frost tender. Nyman *Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Insects. Limited laboratory studies suggest parsley has antiplatelet activity as well as antimicrobial, immunosuppressive activity, and cytotoxic and spasmolytic effects. GRAS when used as food. Parsley juice may alter the activity of drugs affected by cytochrome P450. Scientific Name: Petroselinum crispum: Pronunciation: pet-roe-seh-LYE-num KRIS-pum: Common Name: parsley : Family Name: Apiaceae: Plant Type: Biennial Key ID Features: Scented annual; leaves alternate, compound, tri-pinnate, serrate margins, leaflets deltoid and +/- curling; stem with swollen nodes and vertical stripes. Course(s): This is the more ornamental form, especially when used as a dressing in salads, cooked meals etc. Add to cart. Name verified on 25 February 2008 in: USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Common Parsley, Moss Parsley, Curled Parsley. Parsley may have been smoked for a euphoric effect or as a carrier for more potent drugs such as phencyclidine.8, The concentration of parsley oil varies throughout the plant. radicosum Alefeld 1866. Petroselinum vulgare Lagasca Homonyms Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) (1814) Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. This information is not specific medical advice and does not replace information you receive from your health care provider. Mill.) 1995 - 2020, Sorting Petroselinum Names. 2. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Emmenagogue and abortifacient effects may occur with higher doses. With the exception of certain products that are generally recognized as safe in normal quantities, including use of folic acid and prenatal vitamins during pregnancy, this product has not been sufficiently studied to determine whether it is safe to use during pregnancy or nursing or by persons younger than 2 years of age. Subscribe to Drugs.com newsletters for the latest medication news, new drug approvals, alerts and updates. Alef. Emmenagogue and abortifacient effects may occur with higher doses.31, Studies in rodents suggest parsley and its extracts may exert an antiplatelet effect. Plant profile of Petroselinum crispum on gardenersworld.com. Poison hemlock is a much larger plant than common parsley. Last updated on Oct 7, 2020. Petroselinum crispum. Select one or more newsletters to continue. More than 30 varieties of parsley are recognized and their relative content of apiol and myristicin vary. The curly leafed forms of parsley. The first, Aethusa cynapium (dog poison, fool's parsley, small hemlock) can be distinguished from parsley by the shiny yellow-green underside of the leaves, which are dull in parsley, and the white flowers, which are yellowish in parsley. Petroselinum vulgare Lagasca : Common Name(s): parsley [English] Taxonomic Status: Current Standing: accepted Data Quality Indicators: Record Credibility Rating: Name verified on 25 February 2010 in: Tropicos.org. Nyman Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) variegatum (Nois.) Alef. Although case reports are lacking, a theoretical interaction exists with other antiplatelet medicines.16, 17, 18, Parsley juice may alter the activity of drugs affected by the cytochrome P450.32, Adverse effects from the use of parsley are uncommon. Common name i: Parsley: Synonym i: Petroselinum hortense: Other names i ›Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) It is now grown world-wide for its is aromatic edible leaves which may be used fresh or dried in soups, salads and a wide variety of other food dishes (e.g., potatoes, fish, stews, vegetables, omelets). However the curly leaves tend to hold on to surface water and so they are more likely to contract fungal diseases in the winter. vulgare ›Petroselinum crispum var. Parsley leaf has been used at daily doses of 6 g5; however, no clinical studies have been found that support this dose. Quick Info: Host plant for Black Swallowtail and Anise Swallowtail Butterflies, Pretty Foliage, Common Herb, Annual/Biennial. Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. It is not known whether parsley oil induces hallucinations, but the practice of smoking parsley as a cannabis substitute was well known during the 1960s. Common names : Apium crispum Mill. The roots contain 0.1% oil, whereas the leaf contains about 0.3%.9 The fruit contains the largest percentage of oil, between 2% to 7%.9 The oil contains 2 components, apiol and myristicin, which are pharmacologically active. Common parsley (Engl.) Bruised leaves have been used to treat tumors, insect bites, lice, skin parasites, and contusions.5, 6 Parsley tea at one time was used to treat dysentery and gallstones.5 Other traditional uses reported include treatment of diseases of the prostate, liver, and spleen, in the treatment of anemia, arthritis, and cancers, as an expectorant, antimicrobial, aphrodisiac, hypotensive, laxative, and as a scalp lotion to stimulate hair growth.5, 7, Myristicin, a compound found in parsley oil, is suggested to be in part responsible for the hallucinogenic effect of nutmeg. Petroselinum sativum Hoffm. Multilingual Multiscript Plant Name Database (M.M.P.N.D) - A Work in Progress. An illustrated flora of the northern United States, Canada and the British Possessions. Limited laboratory studies suggest parsley has antiplatelet activity as well as antimicrobial, immunosuppressive activity, and cytotoxic and spasmolytic effects. cowpea weevil, Mediterranean four moth, and Indian meal moth. Although case reports are lacking, a theoretical interaction may exist with antiplatelet medicines. Faculty of Land & Food Resources. Name verified on 25 February 2010, in: The International Plant Names Index (2004). Geographic subdivisions for Petroselinum crispum: n SNF, CCo, MP : MAP CONTROLS 1. BASIONYM: Petroselinum sativum Hoffmann ex Gaudin, var. The plant is self-fertile. Petroselinum sativum var. Caution must be used when gathering wild parsley because of the general similarity of its leaves and flowers to those of 3 common poisonous plants. Nyman ex A. W. Hill.Common Name(s): Garden parsley, Parsley, Rock parsley. Hill Projects: Madidi Checklist, Mesoamericana, Pakistan, Peru Common Names: "Perejíl" (Peru) No References available You should talk with your health care provider for complete information about the risks and benefits of using this product. Genus Petroselinum are aromatic biennials with broad, pinnate to 3-pinnate leaves and compound umbels of small white or pale green flowers Details P. crispum is a bushy biennial with rich green, crisped, 2- to 3-pinnate, aromatic leaves, and small yellow-green flowers in umbels in the second year Adverse effects from the ingestion of the oil have included headache, giddiness, loss of balance, convulsions, and renal damage.5, 30, The psoralen compounds found in parsley have been linked to a photodermatitis reaction found among parsley cutters. This product may adversely interact with certain health and medical conditions, other prescription and over-the-counter drugs, foods, or other dietary supplements. NVS maintains a standard set of species code abbreviations that correspond to standard scientific plant names from the Ngä Tipu o Aotearoa - New Zealand Plants database. (1814) Petroselinum vulgare J. Hill (1756) International Common Names. It is important to fully inform your doctor about the herbal, vitamins, mineral or any other supplements you are taking before any kind of surgery or medical procedure. Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Nyman ex A.W. It also has a milder flavour. Nyman ex A.W. Vol. Disclaimer: The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative Petroselinum crispum, called parsley, is a culinary herb that is native to Europe and the Mediterranean. Similarly, collectors should be aware of Conium maculatum (poison hemlock, water hemlock, poison parsley) and Cicuta maculata (water hemlock). Curled Parsley (100 seeds) for Your Butterfly Garden quantity. Apium petroselinum L. Garden parsley (Engl.) You can change the display of the base map and layers by clicking on the layer control box in the upper right-hand corner. This information relates to an herbal, vitamin, mineral or other dietary supplement. 1913. Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Petroselinum crispum forma radicosum Petroselinum crispum (Miller) Fuss, forma radicosum (Alefeld) Danert, in Mansfeld, Kulturpflanze, Beih. The plant got its name from Pedanius Dioscorides (100 A.D.). Hill : Apium petroselinum L. Carum petroselinum (L.) Benth. The easiest way to lookup drug information, identify pills, check interactions and set up your own personal medication records. source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the Parsley is the common name for a bright green, biennial herb of European origin, Petroselinum crispum, which is extensively cultivated for its leaves, which are used as a garnish or for flavoring food.One variety, the Hamburg parsley (P. crispum var. Nyman ex A.W. Symptoms of Conium and Cicuta poisoning include vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, paralysis, weak pulse, dilated pupils, convulsions, and death. Reviewed-Annotation score: ... Common plant regulatory factor 1. For example, "German" parsley oil contains about 60% to 80% apiol, whereas "French" parsley oil contains less apiol but more (50% to 60%) myristicin.10 Parsley has a high carotenoid content, with 25.7 mg per 100 g edible portion.11, 12, Parsley contains psoralen and related compounds that can induce photosensitivity (see Toxicology); these include ficusin, bergapten, majudin, and heraclin.13 The plant also contains several antimicrobial furocoumarins: psoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen, 5-methoxypsoralen, oxypeucedanin, and isopimpinellin.14 Parsley contains the estrogenic flavone glycosides, 6'-acetylapiin and petroside.15, Nutritionally, parsley is a good natural source of vitamins and minerals, including calcium, iron, carotene, ascorbic acid, and vitamin A.5, 9, Flavonoids apigenin and cosmosiin extracted from parsley, as well as the aqueous extract, showed antiplatelet activity in vitro and in rodents.16, 17, 18.
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