Templo Mayor (el Gran Templo) En el Templo Mayor los aztecas adoraban a los mismos dioses que adoraban en el templo de Tlatelolco. Existieron muchas grandes pirámides antes de que se estableciera el Imperio azteca y estas pirámides fueron declaradas sagradas por los aztecas y utilizadas como templos. 11:00 - 11:45h: El Templo Mayor de los Aztecas. The Spanish cathedral looms, just as Templo Mayor once did, over the city’s public square. At the opening ceremony of the sixth Templo Mayor in 1487, some 4,000 people were sacrificed over four days. Fort Ancient Culture: Great Serpent Mound. Although the form of the temple constantly changed, and was rebuilt seven times before Cortés’s arrival, the location remained fixed because it was believed moving the site of the temple would invoke the wrath of the gods. Commonly known today as the Templo Mayor (Great Temple), its two tower-shrines soared high above a base measuring roughly 328 by 262 feet. La construcción del templo principal de este recinto se realizó en siete etapas y alcanzó una altura aproximada de 45 metros. Tras 40 años de exploración, el Templo Mayor casi llega a su máximo auge histórico. It was dedicated to two gods, Huitzilopochtli, god of war, and Tlaloc, god of rain and agriculture. Finally, the island was large enough to support a large population with many markets, public buildings, temples and palaces. The world itself could crumble into dust. And in the end, it may be the Aztecs who get the last laugh. At the center of the city was the main Aztec temple-pyramid called Templo Mayor. Throughout its history as a civilization the Aztec Empire expanded across much of central Mexico and other surrounding areas, to become that … There, the Aztecs would stretch a victim across a sacrificial stone. The Templo Mayor was first constructed in the reign of Itzcoatl (r. 1427-1440 CE), improved upon by his successor Motecuhzoma I (r. 1440-1469 CE), and again enlarged during the reign of Ahuitzotl (r. 1486-1502 CE). However, the Aztec people dislike the ruler for his constant demand for tribute → when the Spanish invaded, the people turned against him, leading to … He brought with him smallpox, which decimated the indigenous people. Jonathan Glancey investigates. It contained 250,000 people, more than any European city of the era. The Aztecs’ center of the universe became Centro Historico, or El Centro, the apex of public and religious life. Pero lo que más les admiró fue el recinto ceremonial del Templo Mayor. Mayor). Between 1325 and 1519, the Templo Mayor was expanded, enlarged, and reconstructed during seven main building phases, which likely corresponded with different rulers, or tlatoani (“speaker”), taking office. Over the ruins of the grand Aztec capital, the Spanish built their own city. Fue construido en una especie de capas al hacerlo cadavez mas grande 2. Muchos turistas pierden la oportunidad de visitar este destacado sitio arqueológico porque no se dan cuenta de que está allí. In a letter to the Spanish king, Charles I, Cortés described the Aztec capital: “The city is as big as Seville or Cordoba. This is the currently selected item. Templo Mayor Museum . In particular, they described the horrifying sight within a temple: a chamber filled wall to ceiling with human skulls. This deity was slain and dismembered by her brother Huitzilopochtli, the war god, according to legend. discovery of grisly child sacrifices in Peru, the ancient Chinese sacrificed puppies instead of humans. The Aztecs considered Templo Mayor, or the “Main Temple,” to be the center of the universe. Desde entonces, se han hecho más descubrimientos, y el templo principal del pueblo azteca ahora es un museo y un sitio de Patrimonio Mundial de la UNESCO. ¿Listos para una visita guiada de dos horas? The Aztec Templo Mayor - A Visualization, The University of Utah Press, Salt Lake City 2001, ISBN 0-87480-690-9 Alcina Franch, José . Upon hearing of an uprising among Aztec religious leaders, his second-in-command trapped them in a temple during a religious ceremony and sent in soldiers to massacre them. 10 DE MARZO. And yet, Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico City, contains echoes of its Aztec roots. For one, it created a public display of human sacrifices. La Matanza de Tóxcatl, también llamada la Matanza del Templo Mayor, fue un episodio de la Conquista de México en que los españoles dieron muerte a los mexicas (o también llamados aztecas) en el momento en que estos se encontraban haciendo una ceremonia a los dioses Tezcatlipoca y Huitzilopochtli. The on-site Museo del Templo Mayor (included in the site’s admission price) houses a model of Tenochtitlán and artifacts from the site, and gives a good overview of Aztec, aka Mexica, civilization, though with little signage in English, unlike the ruins. A las 10:00 horas, nos encontraremos en la puerta del Museo del Templo Mayor en Ciudad de México para dar comienzo a un viaje al pasado. Coyolxauhqui, the Aztec goddess of the moon. Then, in 2017, another structure was discovered at Templo Mayor: a wall comprised of more than 600 skulls. Siendo muy religiosos, construyeron varios templos en cada ciudad que formaban. Museo del Templo Mayor: El museo del Templo Mayor contiene ocho salas de exhibición que narran la historia del sitio arqueológico. Templo Mayor is an Aztec archaeological site and museum located in the heart of Mexico City. This means that it was one of the largest cities in the world at the time and larger than any in Europe. Por ejemplo, la Gran Pirámide de Cholula comenzó a construirse en el siglo III a. C. y se completó en el siglo I… The grand temple was constructed of twin pyramids and stood 90 feet high. Bits and pieces had come to light, but how much more could be uncovered? Other structures descend into the earth at a rate of about 20 feet per century, but Templo Mayor remains more still. Por así decirlo, se “atragantaba” con el tributo de la periferia que periódicamente rechazaba su autoridad. Una fruslería. In fact, the great temple was located in an area of Tenochtitlan that historians refer to as the ‘Sacred Precinct’. El Templo Mayor era el lugar sagrado donde los aztecas adoraban a Huitzilopochtli y sacrificaban seres humanos a fin de aplacarlo. A casi 500 años de la caída de Tenochtitlán, arqueólogos mexicanos descubrieron dos ofrendas en el Templo Mayor que podrían contener los restos de los antiguos gobernantes mexicas; un suceso inédito hasta ahora.. En una de las cámaras encontraron el esqueleto de un jaguar ataviado de guerrero con un disco de madera tallada en la espalda, emblema de Huitzilopochtli, dios de la guerra azteca. The Metropolitan Cathedral was built on top of Templo Mayor to signify the conquest of the Spanish, but more and more of the Aztecs’ history is coming to light. Wikimedia CommonsSpanish conquistador Hernán Cortés arrived in the New World when he was 18. Archeological investigations continue and visitors can wander through the Templo Mayor Museum. También estaban ahí la llamada Casa de las Águilas, el Templo de Ehécatl, el Tzompantli, el Juego de Pelota y el Calmecac, entre otras edificaciones. Templo Mayor is the name of the main temple in the Aztec capital city of Tenochtitlan. The main pyramid insi… The Templo Mayor was no exception. Wikimedia CommonsTwo years after Cortés landed on the coast of Mexico with an army of soldiers, he completely destroyed Tenochtitlan. Two years after Cortés landed on the coast of Mexico with an army of soldiers, he completely destroyed Tenochtitlan. En 1978, se desenterró una enorme piedra de 8 toneladas (7.000 kilogramos) que representa a Coyolxauhqui (la diosa azteca de la luna), que marca la ubicación del templo, un lugar de reunión sagrado para los aztecas durante los años 1300 y 1400. Templo Mayor in Tenochtitlan. The city of Tenochtitlan equally impressed the Spanish. Templos gemelos It was believed that these macabre claims were perhaps just propaganda meant to justify the Spaniards’ destruction of the Aztec civilization — until the 2017 discovery proved them to be true. Only recently has the world begun to understand the hidden history of the Aztec’s “Main Temple,” where a wall with thousands of skulls was said to be buried. The Templo Mayor (Great Temple) was one of the main temples of the Aztecs.It was in their capital city of Tenochtitlan, which is now Mexico City.Its architectural style belongs to the late Postclassic period of Mesoamerica.The temple was called the huei teocalli in the Nahuatl language. As the center of religious life, Templo Mayor played an important role in human ritual sacrifices. Still, the grand Aztec temple in its entirety remained elusive. Botanical remains found on the skulls at Templo Mayor suggest that they were decorated with flowers, indicating that the Aztecs viewed the sacrifices as more than violent, and perhaps even as something beautiful and graceful. According to Aztec sources, as many as 84,000 people, all made captive in wars against their neighbours, were sacrificed on a single occasion to mark the consecration of the Templo Mayor, or Great Pyramid, of Tenochtitlan in 1487.
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