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A companion to the online resource of the same name, The Diversity Style Guide raises the consciousness of journalists who strive to be accurate. The term functional needs is preferred when a term is required. Perhaps 20 million or more Chinese died in a long civil war, contemporaneous with the American Civil War, in which fewer than 1 million Americans were killed. Also called “the Five Books of Moses,” the Torah is copied by specialized scribes onto parchment scrolls and is treated with great care and respect by Jewish congregations. 824 views. Many family structures can provide stability, nurturing and support. Term for Japanese immigrants originating from the Japanese language term for "first generation." It is acceptable to describe a person as someone who uses a wheelchair, followed by an explanation of why the equipment is required. Mideast is also acceptable, but Middle East is preferred. It is best to ask people which term they prefer to describe them. Hello Select your address Best Sellers Today's Deals Electronics Customer Service Books New Releases Home Computers Gift Ideas Gift Cards Sell See Pacific Islander. The term flashback may be used to denote reliving an event that triggered the PTSD. If deadline permits, have an independent native speaker listen to a recording of the original interview. by Aly Colón There are smaller Lutheran bodies as well. One Hindu may follow old caste traditions and have what he considers a first name and a last name, but his biological son may have a different name. A prejudice against people of Jewish heritage. Desi American is a term commonly used by people from India, but not by all South Asians. The terms Indian subcontinent and South Asia are both used to describe the region. Other terms also may be acceptable. No ceremony is required to mark the passage, although religious ceremonies and receptions are commonplace. The fourth-largest organized religion in the world, Buddhism was founded in India sometime between the sixth and fifth centuries B.C. In food, it may mean China or Japan, but not India, Vietnam or the Philippines. Other black leagues followed, including Eastern Colored League and Southern Negro League. We will closely watch how usage and thought evolves, and will periodically review our decision." Among Sufi Muslims, sheikh holds a more exclusive status that is reserved for highly trained scholars and heads of Sufi orders. Ethnicity refers to shared cultural characteristics such as language, ancestry, practices, and beliefs. Term for third-generation Japanese Americans, originating from the Japanese language term for "third generation." A condition in which higher doses of a drug are required to produce the same effect achieved during initial use, which often leads to dependence. Only after 1965, with immigration laws designed to encourage European immigration, did Asian immigration also expand. Alcoholism is characterized by a loss of control in alcohol use, according to the American Psychological Association. Be aware that some Indigenous people and others find the phrase offensive because it hearkens back to a brutal era of North American colonialism. A model of gender that breaks the gender binary and takes into account the infinite variations of gender. Midlife generally identifies the years between people’s early 40s and early 60s, but precision is somewhat slippery. Most Muslims do not wear turbans, though their religious may wear them. American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN). Manga have evolved stylistically and have become popular around the world. Tip Sheet: Covering Military/Veteran Suicides extensions – Human or synthetic hair used to make a person’s existing hair longer. President Abraham Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation on Jan. 1, 1863, declaring an end to slavery. According to its website, the U.S. Census Bureau adheres to the 1997 Office of Management and Budget standards on race and ethnicity, which guide the Census Bureau in classifying written responses to the race question: Slights and snubs based on racial discrimination. Orthodox Jews. An adjective used to describe the religion of Islam. Do not include the honorific unless you are certain it is acceptable in that tradition. Ethnic music. Use the terms and capitalization the person prefers. The rulers of Afghanistan for almost three centuries, the Pashtun Taliban broke a four-year hiatus from this rule when they took over Afghanistan in 1996. Often used to describe black leaders engaged in activism. III. As a modifier, openly is usually not relevant; its use should be restricted to instances in which the public awareness of an individual’s sexual orientation is germane. A lot of terms are changing now, and there's also a lot of loaded meanings to some of the words that we use. As with race or gender, the fact that a person was adopted should be mentioned only if it’s essential to the story. Judgment that assumes a subject’s sexual orientation or gender identity is deceptive or not genuine. People wear turbans for different reasons, and there are different types of turbans. This distinguishes them from groups that practice infant baptism, such as Catholics and Episcopalians. Specifically, if it makes more sense to refer to a specific background—e.g., Japanese, Korean, Thai, Chinese, Indonesian, Filipino—use that term rather than a collective noun. Abnormality is a term used to describe something deviating from what is normal. However, organizations such as the NIDCD, Mayo Clinic and the National Stuttering Association generally use the term stuttering to refer to the speech disorder. In Sunni and Shiite Islam, there are various madhhabs, or schools of thought, and other theological traditions. Spastic/spaz: Spastic cerebral palsy is a common type of cerebral palsy in which the movements of people with the disorder appear stiff and jerky. Where possible, be specific and use the name of militant affiliations: al-Qaida-linked, Hezbollah, Taliban, etc. Most historians consider Reconstruction to have taken place 1865-1877. As practiced in the Caribbean and areas along the U.S. Gulf Coast, Vodou merged West African traditions with Roman Catholic beliefs, adding saints to rituals. One consequence of World War II was the rapid shedding of empire in the late 1940s, climaxing globally in the 1960s. The church is divided into territories called stakes, and each stake is headed by a president, two counselors and a stake high council. See biphobia. Oman (1971) In a June 2020 statement announcing its endorsement of the capitalization of Black, the National Association of Black Journalists wrote, “NABJ also recommends that whenever a color is used to appropriately describe race then it should be capitalized, including White and Brown.” Mrs., Mr., and/or This is referred to as gender assigned at birth because it is not and/or never was the person’s true gender – they were born as Z, but were assigned X/Y, due to bio-typical or closely matching genitalia of one of the pre-existing binary genders: male (MAAB) or female (FAAB). for “before the common era” and C.E. Islam is the second-largest religion in the world, after Christianity. A derogatory slang word for people of Pakistani origin. The act of seeking converts to a faith. In 1989, U.S. Rep. John Conyers (D-Detroit) began introducing bills to create a commission to study more sweeping reparations for events dating back to slavery. To make the ink, leaves are ground to powder and mixed with water and lemon juice or oil. A derogatory term used for a white person who mimics language, dress and mannerisms of blacks; a white person who acts black. Within days, the team relented. Approach the topic with sensitivity and ask exactly what the student feels comfortable sharing in any content that will be made public, including photographs. Not a synonym for people of color. Use LGBT right opponents or a similar phrase instead of homophobes when describing people who disagree with LGBT rights activism. ("shubh" means "auspicious"). Mantras are commonly used by Hindus, Buddhists and Jains and are traditionally drawn from Sanskrit scriptures, such as the Vedas. Its founder, Bahá’u’lláh, taught that all religions represent progressive stages in the revelation of God’s will. Instead, say the person has paraplegia. There is no god except the One God. The magnitude of the increase is related to the amount, duration, and prominence of coverage. Capitalize the title when used before the holder’s name. Data from U.S. Census Bureau flight attendant. The Holy Spirit is depicted in Christian art as an ascending dove bathed in light or as a flame. By overplaying race or ethnicity, one’s achievement may seem dependent on that instead of ability. Ghana In American families, a mother, a daughter or a sister might decide to cover her head while the other does not. It was a factor in a wave of protests on college campuses that began in 2015. Although Buddhism is frequently described as a nontheistic tradition since the historical Buddha did not claim to be divine and there is no concept of a divine absolute God — the vast and complex tradition of Buddhism includes an intricate cosmology of beneficent and wrathful deities as well as transcendent Buddhas and bodhisattvas who can be propitiated to help Buddhist practitioners on the path to enlightenment. Mauritius Research shows that this scarcely happens. Tejano culture includes folk music synthesized from European and Mexican styles and contributions to Tex-Mex cuisine. Grand muftis are usually the top religious scholar in a country. Reform Judaism: Reform Jews believe that the spirit of Jewish law can be adapted to time and place, so they tend to emphasize social justice issues more than dietary laws, Sabbath rules and other particulars of traditional Jewish life. Deaf and hard of hearing became the official terms recommended by the World Federation of the Deaf in 1991. Do not use to refer to indigenous peoples of the United States. In the United States, for example, many Arab Americans are Christian, not Muslim. Avoid stating that the person had a fit or an epileptic fit. Some, but not all Sanskrit-based languages use the Devanagari script or variations of it. Latina(s) is appropriate for individuals who identify as a woman/women, unless the person/people prefer Latinx. Underrepresented refers to racial and ethnic populations that are represented at disproportionately low levels in higher education. "Which is it, Hispanic or Latino?" A term sometimes applied to strictly observant Jews such as Hasidim who are distinguished by their style of dress, physical appearance and attention to religious ritual. Cultural appropriation occurs in TV and movies, music, cartoons, Halloween costumes and language. CORRECT: Addiction occurs when a person cannot control the impulse to use drugs even when there are negative consequences—the defining characteristic of addiction. Native American and American Indian can be used interchangeably, however, the term is used only to describe groups of Native Americans -- two or more individuals of different tribal affiliation. An imagined invasion of the United States at the beginning of the 20th century by Asian “hordes,” specifically Japanese, who had become successful entrepreneurs in California agriculture. See Sikhism. While those with Tourette syndrome often can suppress tics by focusing on them, the disorder also can be treated with medication, relaxation techniques and therapy. I bear witness that Muhammad is the messenger of God. The Q in LGBTQ can stand for either questioning (still exploring one’s sexuality) or queer, or sometimes both [and it is sometimes written LGBTQQ]. colored or A militant view sometimes constitutes an extremist position. Term for a person who is not lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender and who actively supports the LGBT community. woman—as in Many Zionists do not have religious motives, but believe a Jewish state is necessary because of the long history of persecution of Jews. Some former students fall into the latter category. A type of swimming suit that covers the arms, legs and hair and is worn by some Muslim women. Some people don’t feel that traditional gender pronouns, such as she/her and he/him, reflect their gender identities. If you are including someone's race in the content you're creating, be sure it is necessary to mention it and ask the person how they prefer to be identified. Brahma is the name used for God when God’s role as creator of the universe is described. "Tara O’Brady Says You Should Stop Calling Food 'Ethnic,' Kitchn, Nov. 6, 2017 The circuit also featured dance and comedy. See Juneteenth, Middle Passage and Underground Railroad. American Indian, Alaska Native, Hawaiian Native, Native American, Native People, Indigenous People. Writing about poverty and those who do not have the money they need is, of course, a sensitive matter and sometimes a source of shame and stigma for the student. It is generally considered acceptable, although, as with the term hearing impaired, some may object to it because it describes the condition in terms of a deficiency. sex. Underrepresented: are not used. The U.S. Department of Labor has said that white women have been the primary beneficiaries of affirmative action policies. The United States Supreme Court repeatedly affirmed the constitutionality of the order, but Congress, in 1983, called it “a grave injustice.” Hundreds of thousands of slaves were brought to America during The Middle Passage and millions others died along the way. These laws discouraged interaction between the races, and often cast black people as second-class citizens. After Muhammad’s death, Islam split into two distinct branches — Sunni and Shiite — in an argument over who would succeed him. This contrasts with congenital disorders such as Down syndrome, which develop before or at birth. Lesbian, gay and bisexual people use various terms to describe their commitments. Avoid if referring to a general gathering because the term evokes a stereotypical image of American Indians. Here are some alternatives to traditional pronouns: A term used by some people who experience their gender identity and/or gender expression as falling outside the categories of man and woman. A person who does not believe in God or other supernatural forces. The distinctive “Asian” feature is known as an “epicanthic fold” of the eyelid but is found in all races. A Guide For The U.S. Presidential Campaign," NPR, Aug. 27, 2015 Rev. Yom Kippur is marked by spending the day in prayer; forgoing food, drink and work; and repenting for misdeeds of the past year. Age. See transgender. [Some Japanese-American institutions, such as Densho Encyclopedia, the digital educational resource on Japanese American internment and Japanese incarceration,  capitalize the first letter of Issei, Nisei, Sansei, Yonsei, Gosei, etc. Detoxification alone is not treatment but is often the first step in a drug treatment program. The three major black denominations are African Methodist Episcopal Church, African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church and Christian Methodist Episcopal Church. Thought to have been invented in the early 1980s by the Tamil Tiger separatists in Sri Lanka. If it adds context to the story. There are 105 institutions founded primarily for the education of African Americans, although their charters are not exclusionary. Lincoln’s proclamation did not address slavery in Union border states. kujichagulia (self-determination) It is interchangeably referred to as Tourette syndrome, Tourette’s syndrome and Tourette’s disorder. Some media organizations no longer use the term when referring to the Washington NFL franchise. Send forth the best ye breed-- It is generally wrapped around the waist and draped over the shoulder, leaving the midriff bare. The Shiism branch favored Muhammad’s cousin and son-in-law ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib. Because the term tends to associate someone with a particular religious tradition, do not label someone a born-again Christian. The European Age of Exploration that began in the 16th century led, for good and ill, to the subjugation of less technologically advanced peoples as European colonies. The next seven languages by popularity were Bengali, Telegu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Guajarathi and Kanada. This is why they face the kaaba to pray. Ask individuals which term they prefer, if possible. Traditionally, only men have been imams, although women are allowed to serve as imams for other women. Therefore, blind or legally blind is acceptable for people with almost complete vision loss. Firsts are important, but race and ethnicity shouldn't be overemphasized. On first reference, use the Rev. During healing process, the skin cells overproduce, creating a dense, dome-shaped formation. The Diversity Style Guide: Kanigel, Rachele: 9781119055150: Books - Amazon.ca. At the 1994 Unity convention, the four minority journalism groups – NAHJ, Asian American Journalists Association, Native American Journalists Association and National Association of Black Journalists – issued the following statement on this term: "Except in direct quotations, do not use the phrase illegal alien or the word alien, in copy or in headlines, to refer to citizens of a foreign country who have come to the U.S. with no documents to show that they are legally entitled to visit, work or live here. Note: Some pagans prefer to see the term capitalized. It includes universal human values as well as values that are specific to persons in various stages of life. Baptists commonly call this practice believer’s baptism. The term Chabad comes from an acronym of the Hebrew words for wisdom, understanding and knowledge. In 2015, some politicians and law enforcement officials began calling for reforms and releases. Lebanon (1945) Under the policy, instituted in 1993 and lifted in 2011, the military was not to ask service members about their sexual orientation, service members were not to tell others about their orientation, and the military was not to pursue rumors about members’ sexual orientation. Let our rejoicing rise …” Many evangelical Protestants have a tendency to use it specifically in reference to music – especially contemporary praise music – sung in church. ADD and ADHD refer to attention-deficit disorder and attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder, respectively. The Asian American Hotels Owners Association reports that half the hotels in the United States are owned by Indians and 70 percent of all Indian hotels owners are named Patel, a common Indian name. It is a literal translation of the Hindi usage "Aap ka shubhnam?" In some cases the term b\Black churches may be more accurate, but also be mindful that many Black people worldwide belong to churches and to denominations that may not be predominantly Black. A form of meditation made popular by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, who introduced it in 1955. The Ku Klux Klan and other racist hate groups have also appropriated it. It was originally affiliated with the NAACP, but it has been an entirely separate organization since 1957, with a national office in New York and regional offices in Washington and Los Angeles. A Shiite term for lower-level clergy. The first letter is the assigned birth sex; the second letter T is for “to,” signifying transition; and the third letter is the destination gender, the person’s affirmed gender. Pronounced “ha-la-KHAH.” Jewish law, or the set of rules and practices that govern every aspect of life. For example, the Stó:lō Nation (which consists of several bands), or the Tsleil-Waututh Nation (formerly the Burrard Band).". Fu Manchu was an evil genius. Muslims have complex name rules. Rather, use people-first language, such as a person who stutters. Use Shiite instead of Shi’ah unless in a quote or as part of a name. The device has been criticized by some in the Deaf community who are concerned the device could threaten Deaf culture. The flag has horizontal red, black and green stripes. Now a gay pride symbol, it was the symbol gay men were required to wear in Nazi concentration camps during World War II. In the body of a piece, it is preferred to use Black people and not Blacks to refer to a group. Sikh men wear turbans that peak at the forehead to take care of their hair, which they do not cut, and to promote equality among themselves and to declare their identity. AA is “a fellowship of men and women who share their experience, strength and hope with each other that they may solve their common problem and help others to recover from alcoholism,” according to the group’s preamble. The website contains more than 700 entries of terms on race, ethnicity, gender identity, mental health, sexual orientation, religion, disability, suicide and substance abuse. Many members believe in God, but atheists also find a home in this denomination. Avoid. The term is appropriate only in generic phrases that do not refer to specific individuals: concern for the elderly, a home for the elderly, etc. eg: "Indo-U.S. relations" or "Indo-Americans" (preferred term: Indian-Americans).Also increasingly used to refer to the South Asian diaspora and not just India the country. 2. See Asperger’s syndrome. The terms "broken family" and "broken home" carry judgment and suggest that the family needs to be fixed. The term does not give an accurate description of a person's conditional U.S. status, but rather demeans an individual by describing them as an alien. Sentencing Commission reported that sentences of Black men were almost 20 percent longer than sentences of White men convicted of similar crimes. v. To call somebody by their deadname. Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990. There are four types of spina bifida. Refers to a person who is of Polynesian descent. Note on the Use of "Transsexual" and "Transgender". From the Middle Ages through the mid-20th century, Ashkenazic Jews developed a distinct culture and spoke predominantly Yiddish (a combination of German and Hebrew) or Slavic languages. For example, “Nisei soldiers of World War II” has a generational context. Refers to people whose sex assignment at birth corresponds to their gender identity and expression. The pertinent federal agencies use this term for individuals who do not have documents to show they can legally visit, work or live here. (In headlines, “dies” is appropriate.) In Christianity, Good Friday commemorates the day on which Jesus Christ is traditionally believed to have been crucified. Ask, too, if there are any terms they ask ​not be used in reference to them and in what cases. There are many regional variations in Hindu practice. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Slang words derived from schizophrenic and generally used inaccurately, to mean “of two minds.” Instead of using schizophrenia (or its derivatives) to describe something other than the illness, find other words. In 1940, the Rebbe, or head of the movement, Rabbi Joseph Isaac Schneersohn, emigrated from Poland to America, where he was determined to make the Lubavitch into an American religious movement. About 60 percent of the world’s population, about 4.3 billion people (2015 estimate), live in Asia. The terms are still widely used when citing laws, regulations, places or things, such as handicapped parking, although many prefer the term accessible parking.

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